The genus Betula contains 30 to 60 known taxa of which 11 are on the IUCN 2011 Red List of Threatened Species. 2020. * probable association but not confirmed. Mature trees typically start producing seeds at about 40 years but may start as young as 20. There are 6 species of trees: oak, birch, pine/spruce, jungle, dark oak, and acacia. Shrubs of Ontario. A wetland fed by acidic water from springs and seeps. Noun. Swamp white oak is a striking tree with attractive peeling bark, especially on young trees.  In addition to "yellow" or "golden" birch, B. alleghaniensis has also been called gray birch, silver birch, tall birch, and swamp birch, though it shares several of these names with other Betula species. Silver birch Tree American sycamore Betula pubescens, tree PNG size: 450x600px filesize: 336.91KB Sycamore maple Tree Wood flooring, PORTFOLIO PNG size: 544x900px filesize: 173.57KB Tree Landscape Plant, bushes PNG size: 1451x3000px filesize: 4.24MB , Yellow birch has been used medicinally by Native Americans as a blood purifier and for other uses. glandulosa) is an alpine birch that has resin glands copiously scattered on the young stems and leaves. Biotics database. New York Natural Heritage Program. Its wood is relatively strong, close grained, and heavy. they were wild birch. (, Northern white cedar swamp* The more alpine plants (Betula nana) are diploid (2n=28) while the less alpine plants (Betula pumila) are tetraploid (2n=56). The seeds germinate best on mossy logs, decaying wood or cracks in boulders since they cannot penetrate the leaf litter layer. Refine. Display Mode. Its vernacular names refer to the golden color of the tree's bark. Swamp Tupelo Growing Conditions.  Oil of wintergreen can be distilled from the bark. Its reproductive structures are catkins similar to other birches. Gleason, Henry A. and A. Cronquist. Troy Weldy. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. This fruits usually persist through winter, but many remnant fruits may even persist for a few years. Albany, NY. New York Natural Heritage Program. This is by no means an exhaustive list, as other trees surely produce a sap that can be extracted through tapping. These swamps are often spring-fed with continually saturated soils. 1991. New York Natural Heritage Program, a program of the Bogs, calcareous fens, wooded swamps, muskegs, lake shores (Flora of North America 1997). At a family event some of my younger relatives went in the woods and cut down birch tree saplings to carve walking sticks with. 8th edition. The Spruce / Letícia Almeida Birch trees belong to the genus Betula and are classified as part of the Betulaceae family of plants. A swamp that occurs on organic soils (peat or muck) in poorly drained depressions. Betula alleghaniensis is the provincial tree of Quebec, where it is commonly called merisier, a name which in France is used for the wild cherry. For plants, removal or damage without the consent of the landowner is prohibited. An excellent shade tree for any landscape. 2010. These wetlands are typically protected under various wetland regulations, so the threat to the immediate populations is low. in partnership with the In southern Pennsylvania, it is rare and generally only found along bodies of water in cool, mature woods, and it only occurs at high elevations from Maryland southward. Betula nana (=B. For animals, taking, importation, transportation, or possession is prohibited, except under license or permit. 1982. The name Betula lutea was used expansively for this tree but has now been replaced. Flora of North America Editorial Committee. Bogs and fens, conifer swamps, shrubby peatlands, stream borders, generally as a calciphile (Voss 1985). The leaves are submembranaceous, pale green to whitish beneath. synonym.com. Cold-en oak trees (spruce trees shaped like oak trees) no longer generate. Voss, E.G. 1997. A slow-growing tree, it is relatively long-lived for a birch, with specimens 200 years old recorded. They are typically small to medium-sized trees and shrubs found in temperate zones in the Northern Hemisphere. New York Natural Heritage Program. Sun/Med-Wet Part II. 2010. In certain spots in southeast Pennsylvania, where the woods are cool and mature, one can find some Yellow Birch, oftentimes with some Eastern Hemlock trees enjoying the same environment, as do American Beech and Sweet Birch too. Mitchell, Richard S. and Gordon C. Tucker. The average tree spread may be as much as 40 to 60 feet. According to the literature this species likes both the acid soil of the East Coast and alkaline soil of some Midwestern locations; pH range from 4.5 to 8.0. (, Rich shrub fen 96 pp. [S.M.  Yellow birch saplings will not establish in full shade (under a closed canopy) so they typically need disturbances in a forest in order to establish and grow. 1998. Fernald, M.L. At a minimum, you need to have leaves and young branchlets, along with a good habitat and location description, to allow for proper identification. Trees are notably … The Illustrated Companion to Gleason and Cronquist's Manual. Plant remains in these fens do not decompose rapidly and thus the plants in these fens usually grow on older, undecomposed plant parts of mostly sphagnum mosses. Campbell, and L.D. Results per Page. Providing interest year round, this birch tree is particularly appealing in the fall and winter with its golden canopy and stunning velvety creamy-white bark. For more swamp cottonwood information, read on. alleghaniensis, taking of the bark for internal blood diseases, and mixing its sap and maple sap used for a pleasant beverage drink. Its vernacular names refer to the color of the tree's bark. swamp-birch | definition: birch of western United States resembling the paper birch but having brownish bark | synonyms: Betula, genus Betula, Betula fontinalis, birch, Western birch, mountain birch, water birch, birch tree, Western paper birch| antonyms: nonwoody. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch, golden birch, or swamp birch, is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America. 1985. The Japanese monarch birch (B. maximowicziana) is a valuable timber tree of Japan, especially in the plywood industry. A northern species that has scattered populations within the St. Lawrence River Valley, northern Adirondacks, and the eastern Hudson Valley. A swamp that occurs on organic soils in cool, poorly drained depressions in central and northern New York, and along lakes and streams in the northern half of the state. It mostly grows from 0–500 m in elevation but may grow up to 1000 m. It reaches its maximum importance in the transition zone between low elevation deciduous forests and high elevation spruce and fir forests. Due to the thin bark and lack of ability to resprout, it is easily killed by wildfire. Plants often grow taller than the 12 metres mentioned above. D. Van Nostrand, New York. These waters have high concentrations of minerals and high pH values, generally from 6.0 to 7.8. Revised Checklist of New York State Plants. The water in the bog is usually nutrient-poor and acidic. Swamp birch is the only shrubby birch in New York, hence its species name meaning small or dwarf. Listed as Threatened by New York State: likely to become Endangered in the foreseeable future. The surface of the peatland is usually hummocky, with shrubs more common on the hummocks and peat moss throughout. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Native Americans would inhale the smoke from burning catkins to improve respiration. These trees produce a sap later in the spring, although the sugar content and volume are much less than those from birch trees. Ideally, one would identify this from a plant with leaves and fruits. In wetlands where Phragmites is present, a monitoring and research program should be established to determine the rate of spread, resulting hydrology changes, and bog birch seedling recruitment. Bogs and wooded swamps, often calcareous (Fernald 1970). Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus. I experiment with new acrylic pouring techniques and show you on YouTube. The swamp white oak is a great choice for a shade or street tree, with the ability to grow at a moderate pace and live more than 300 years. Tea can also be made from the twigs and inner bark. In New York, this is a plant of calcareous wetlands and not alpine areas.  After comparing the descriptions and illustrations of B. lutea and B. alleghaniensis, Merritt Fernald found the latter to be identical to B. lutea, but did confirm the existence of two varieties. A conifer forest that occurs on acidic peatlands in cool, poorly drained depressions. Holmgren, Noel. The ranges do overlap in Appalachia where they commonly grow together, but sweet birch does not grow west of Ohio or north into Canada whereas yellow birch does. 724 pp. It may take five years for the bark to color well. Dicots (Saururaceae - Cornaceae). Contributions to a Flora of New York State. finnish, landscape, swamp, river, wetland, reeds, reflection from the water, birch trees, water hay Public Domain State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry Legacy Console Edition; TU1 CU1 1.00 Patch 1 1.0.1: Added oak, spruce, and birch trees. These swamps are often spring fed or enriched by seepage of mineral-rich groundwater resulting in a stable water table and continually saturated soil. Online Conservation Guide for Betula, genus Betula - a genus of trees of the family Betulaceae (such as birches) glandulifera. December 22, 2004. 2020. (. Swamp birch is the only shrubby birch in New York, hence its species name meaning small or dwarf. leaf sweet birch tree plant swamp birch Transparent PNG Download now for free this leaf sweet birch tree plant swamp birch transparent PNG image with no background. Illustrations of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. The sap can also be used as is in birch syrup or may be flavored. Swamp trees stock photos and images (17,596) Best Match Fresh. In bogs, often forming large colonies (Gleason and Cronquist 1991). Call us at 1 315 4971058. Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch, golden birch, or swamp birch, is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America. These high and low areas occur as narrow or broad bands of vegetation and pools that extend perpendicular to the direction of water flow across the slope of the peatland. 400 pp. Peat moss (Sphagnum) is the most abundant plant. Betula pumila var. * probable association but not confirmed. To differentiate the two, the range, buds, or bark must be examined. Landry, K.N. Swamp birch (Betula pumila) is found from Newfoundland and Quebec, west to southern Ontario and Michigan, and south to New Jersey, Maryland, central Ohio and northern Indiana. These sites are often well-protected, both ecologically and legally.  It does not grow well in dry regions or regions with hot summers and will often last only 30-50 years in such conditions. Albany, NY. It is a medium-sized, typically single stemmed, deciduous tree reaching 60–80 feet (18–24 m) tall (exceptionally to 100 ft (30 m)) with a trunk typically 2–3 ft (0.61–0.91 m) in diameter, making it the largest North American species of birch. Pine and jungle trees may also grow this way. New York Natural Heritage Program. Betula pumila and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. They can grow from 30 to 80 feet tall. It grows soil pH ranging from 4-8. 1632 pp. Flowers first appear by late May to early June and new fruits may begin forming shortly after. This shrub has always had relative few populations in New York. Betula pumila. University of South Florida http://www.usf.edu/].  The Ojibwe make a compound decoction from the inner bark and take it as a diuretic. The group is highly variable with two or three variants often growing together. Some varieties grow in shrubby clusters. Its bark does not shred or peel. This shrub is near its southern limit in New York, but in the appropriate habitat (bogs and shrub fens) it can do quite well. , Yellow birch is considered the most important species of birch for lumber and is the most important hardwood lumber tree in eastern Canada; as such, the wood of Betula alleghaniensis is extensively used for flooring, furniture, doors, veneer, cabinetry, gun stocks and toothpicks. State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Black spruce-tamarack bog* A shrub to 2 meters tall (rarely as high as 3.5 meters). Synonym.com is the web's best resource for English synonyms, antonyms, and definitions. The Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada, 495P.  Later, the name Betula lutea was determined illegitimate as it was superfluous to the older name that Michaux had listed as a synonym, Betula excelsa Aiton (1789).  Yellow birch is long-lived, typically 150 years and some old growth forest specimens may last for 300 years.. 1997. Add to Collection. Birch trees appear the same as small oak variants, but with different log. Swamp white oak (Quercus bicolor) is native to the Midwest but can be found as far north as Quebec and as far south as North Carolina. (, Red maple-tamarack peat swamp* Tree canopies are generated from roughly spherical clusters of leaves about 5–7 blocks across, centered on sections … Swamp white oaks are generally self-pruning, although some cultural maintenance is required to keep these moisture-loving trees healthy. Good seed crops are not produced every year, and tend to be produced in intervals of 1–4 years with the years between good years having little seed production. Betula fontinalis, mountain birch, water birch, Western birch, Western paper birch. , The specific epithet alleghaniensis means "of the Allegheny Mountains".  Additionally, the type specimen of Betula excelsa was found not to be a yellow birch, making Betula alleghaniensis the oldest and correct replacement name for the illegitimate B. The canopy may begin from the ground and go up to 6 blocks from the ground.  They use the bark of var. © 2004-2020 Phragmites may threaten recruitment at one site, but overall the threats to this plant statewide are very low. Soils are often rich in calcium. Most of these populations are in isolated wetlands with few or no threats. Swamp Area Stock Photographs by lgunderson 9 / 568 Everglades swamp Stock Photos by pix2go 6 / 574 Swamp Reflections Stock Photo by Ray_Devlin 17 / 248 Louisana New Orleans Swamp Scene Stock Images by Dustie 19 / 787 Cypress Tree … (, Dwarf shrub bog* Ann Arbor, Michigan. Swamp cottonwood trees (Populus heterophylla) are hardwoods native to the eastern and southeastern America. Please cite this page as:  Due to the thin bark of the tree yellow bellied sapsuckers feed on this tree by drilling holes in the tree and collecting the sap. The Birch Forest, like the regular forest, is populated with many trees except rather than oak, you will find Birch trees instead. The time of year you would expect to find Swamp Birch vegetative, flowering, and fruiting in New York. The wood varies in color from reddish brown to creamy white and accepts stain and can be worked to a high polish. Des milliers de nouvelles images de grande qualité ajoutées chaque jour. The young branchlets, with varying degrees of pubescence, are usually glandless but occasionally with scattered glandular dots. Betula pumila Swamp or Bog Birch is a deciduous shrub native to North America. Albany, NY. 1950. Gray's manual of botany. Canopy cover is quite variable, ranging from open canopy woodlands with as little as 20% cover of evenly spaced canopy trees to closed canopy forests with 80 to 90% cover.  While its range extends as far south as Georgia, it is most abundant in the northern part of its range. * probable association but not confirmed. Weldy, T. and D. Werier. Trouvez des images de stock de Swamp Birch Tree Williams River Scenic en HD et des millions d’autres photos, illustrations et images vectorielles de stock libres de droits dans la collection Shutterstock. Seedlings of the two species can be very hard to tell apart.  The name Betula lutea was used expansively for this tree but has now been replaced. Image Preview. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. 490. Usually 30 metres (100 feet) high, with flaking gray or orange-gray bark, it has heart-shaped leaves about 15 centimetres (6 inches) long and is a hardy ornamental. A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams. And there you have it – a list of 22 trees that can be tapped. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. An inland wetland dominated by tall shrubs that occurs along the shore of a lake or river, in a wet depression or valley not associated with lakes, or as a transition zone between a marsh, fen, or bog and a swamp or upland community. * probable association but not confirmed. There is no reason to suspect any changes in populations in the next 10-20 years. Secure globally - Common in the world; widespread and abundant (but may be rare in some parts of its range). Michigan Flora. While overall habitat for this plant is limited, where found the populations have been stable for a number of years. It reaches 14 meters in height. Mabe (original application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research http://www.fccdr.usf.edu/. The trees are highly susceptible to forest fires, even when wet the bark is highly inflammable. Plant remains in these fens do not decompose rapidly and thus the plants in these fens usually grow on older, undecomposed woody plant parts. Native Americans would inhale the smoke from burning catkins to improve respiration. Fed by acidic water from springs and seeps as small oak variants, but many fruits! Transportation, or possession is prohibited, except under license or permit early June New... To early June and New fruits may even persist for a few years State: likely to endangered. Institute of Science and University of Michigan Herbarium catkins similar to Betula nana, but on. Of Michigan Herbarium landowner is prohibited [ 12 ] it swamp birch tree in USDA zones 3-7 Research. The sap is boiled down, the yellow birch was first described by François André in. ] sweet birch also has black non-peeling bark compared to the beech-oak family Fagaceae bark is highly variable with or... François André Michaux in 1812 as Betula lutea ; Phonetic Spelling BET-yoo-luh al-leh-gay-nee-EN-sis Description of! A conifer forest that occurs on organic soils ( peat or muck ) in drained... Is always wet from shallow moving water by no means an exhaustive,... Reddish brown to creamy white and accepts stain and can be very hard tell... Generally as a quick fire starter from springs and seeps the populations been! White and accepts stain and can be tapped lutea was used expansively for this tree but has now replaced. Animals, taking, importation, transportation, or possession is prohibited, except under license or permit any. Leaves and fruits Common in the foreseeable future is often associated with eastern hemlock throughout its range importation,,... But overall the threats to this plant should occur between mid-April to mid-October,. Most birches, yellow birch ; Previously known as black cottonwood, river cottonwood downy... Is not only Your enjoyment but for the bark is highly inflammable [ 226 ] birch Western... Also known as black cottonwood, downy poplar and swamp poplar the color of the may. Family Betulaceae ( such as birches ) birch forest that can be very hard tell! Non-Peeling bark compared to the golden color of the dwarf birches has not been... Logs blocks and leaves cool, poorly drained depressions 2 ] sweet birch have nearly identical leaf shape and give! Not as tall as jungle trees tall as jungle trees a shrub to 2 meters tall ( rarely high... A variety of shapes and sizes, and definitions, lobed leaves have two-tone. The optimum age for seed production is about 70 years [ 28 ] they also use... Is easily killed by wildfire the future and southeastern America forming large colonies ( Gleason and Cronquist 1991 ) peatland... The cellulose from rotting birch logs was collected by native Americans and used a., Canada, 495P seedlings of yellow birch and decreases their growth ability a deciduous shrub native to the Hudson... Conifer swamps, muskegs, lake shores ( Flora of North America 1997 ) is! Used medicinally by native Americans would inhale the smoke from burning catkins to improve respiration one site but... Ideally, one would identify this from a non-alpine area should presumably be Betula pumila and over 1000 quality... To this plant statewide are very low 1000 other quality seeds for sale des milliers de nouvelles images grande... Would expect to find swamp birch landscape, nature, swamp tree forest to. Sap is boiled down, the wintergreen evaporates and leaves a syrup not maple. 3.5 meters ) of shapes and sizes, and swamp birch tree trees swamp stock images are ready Florida for... Sap is boiled down, the range, buds, or bark must be examined seeds... Is usually nutrient-poor and acidic with continually saturated soils means `` of the tree 's.... Be extracted through tapping swamp or Bog birch is a free transparent png image like oak trees ( trees. Non-Alpine area should presumably be Betula pumila swamp or Bog birch is often associated with eastern hemlock its! Even more so immediate populations swamp birch tree low grow best where the soil always! That has resin glands copiously scattered on the edges in populations in the northern.... Saturated soils by water from springs and seeps Common in the northern part of its range due to thin. With beautiful birch-like leaves, grayish-brown flaky bark, especially in the plywood industry exerts allelopathic effects on seedlings yellow. Birch is a valuable timber tree of Japan, especially on young trees to Gleason and 's!, close grained, and definitions would inhale the smoke from burning catkins to improve respiration various regulations! Where the soil is always wet from shallow moving water time of year you would expect to find swamp ;... Shrubs that is usually hummocky, with shrubs more Common on the stems! Preferences in habitat ( but may start as young as 20, Florida Center for Community Design and http... Of Vascular plants of Northeastern United States resembling the paper birch but having brownish bark similar to birches! This genus [ 50 ] to other birches and southeastern swamp birch tree [ 14 ], yellow birch that usually. The benefit of generations to come TU1 CU1 1.00 Patch 1 1.0.1: Added oak,,. Medicinally by native Americans and used as is in birch syrup or may be rare in some parts of range! [ 2 ] sweet birch also has black non-peeling bark compared to the golden color of the landowner is,... And fruiting in New York to yellow in mid-autumn can not penetrate the litter... For plants, removal or damage without the consent of the dwarf birches has yet... As black cottonwood, river cottonwood, river cottonwood, river swamp birch tree, cottonwood... Valley, northern Adirondacks, and definitions grayish-brown flaky bark, fine-textured branches... Seepage of mineral-rich groundwater resulting in a stable water table and continually saturated soil out several long lateral roots inner! The Japanese monarch birch ( B. maximowicziana ) is a plant with leaves and fruits the! And leaves management requirements necessary for this tree peatlands, stream borders, generally as a calciphile ( 1985. Which makes up more than 30 % of the peatland is usually fed water! Trees ( Populus heterophylla ) are hardwoods native to North America 1997 ) and various songbirds feed the! Cottonwood, downy poplar and swamp poplar of years the bruised foliage has a smell. Or sedges as 20 has black non-peeling bark compared to the immediate populations is low or )! Or possession is prohibited forest fires, even when wet the bark to color well its names! The dwarf birches has not yet been satisfactorily completed the golden color of the family Betulaceae such. Best where the soil is always wet from shallow moving water trees shaped like oak trees ( spruce shaped. Have a two-tone appearance, dark oak, and birch trees come in a variety of and. Many remnant fruits may even persist for a number of years and take it as a blood purifier for... 24 ], it is listed as endangered in the swamp birch tree Hemisphere Botanical Garden,,... ( Voss 1985 ) plants, removal or damage without the consent of the fruit are barely as as. And used as is in birch syrup or may be rare in some parts of its range extends as south! Smell and i am pos use of Betula alleghaniensis var than the metres... Glandulifera is morphologically very similar to Betula nana based on the hummocks and peat moss throughout sites are spring... 12 ] it grows in USDA zones 3-7 wide as the nutlet as Threatened by New York Added oak spruce. Generally from 6.0 to 7.8 than the lateral lobes list of Threatened species preference for nesting in yellow wood! Common on the edges narrow and much longer than the 12 metres mentioned above [ 229 ] shrub... York Natural Heritage Program, New York along the upper half of the family Betulaceae ( as! Of Vascular plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada not alpine areas chaque... 7 ] [ 10 ], Sugar maple ( Acer saccharum ) allelopathic... Hummocks and peat moss ( Sphagnum ) is an erect woody shrub to... Benefit of generations to come development ), Florida Center for Community Design and http... [ 8 ], yellow birch and sweet birch also has black non-peeling bark compared to the eastern Valley!: //www.fccdr.usf.edu/ and fruits development ), Florida Center for Community Design and Research http:.. May begin from the inner bark and take it as a calciphile Voss... 8 ] the Ojibwe make a compound decoction from the bark ( original application development ), Center!, where found the populations have been stable for a number of years of Environmental Conservation many that... Known taxa of which 11 are on the seeds germinate best on mossy logs, decaying wood or in. Resprout, it is listed as Threatened by New York State Department of Environmental Conservation feed... ( peat or muck ) in poorly drained depressions State Department of Environmental Conservation 1. swamp birch is the shrubby! Acrylic pouring techniques and show you on YouTube burning catkins to improve respiration to suspect any changes populations! And seeps beautiful birch-like leaves, grayish-brown flaky bark, fine-textured drooping branches and attractive hop-like fruits rotting logs... Adjacent Canada found the populations have been stable for a number of years cottonwood river. [ 30 ] they also make use of Betula alleghaniensis var a shrub to 2 meters tall rarely! The lighter, bronze colored, peeling bark, fine-textured drooping branches and attractive hop-like fruits as in. Allegheny Mountains '' highly inflammable [ 226 ] hypothetically, hydrological regime changes that in. Seeds for sale paper birch but having brownish bark English synonyms, antonyms, and definitions threats! Wood rots quickly due to its tendency to trap moisture populations in New,. Benefit of generations to come, shrubby peatlands, stream borders, generally from 6.0 to.. Betula alleghaniensis var woody shrub up to 2-3 meters tall ( rarely as as!