Balsam Poplar has been known to have a very strong anti-inflammatory effect. VT; becoming infrequent in southern New England. (Wetland indicator code: The buds, one of balsam poplar’s most distinctive features, are large and pointed. Hybrid poplar bark, twigs and leaves are eaten by rodents, rabbits, deer, beavers and porcupines. It is a hardy, fast-growing tree which is generally short lived, with some trees reaching 200 years. It grows transcontinentally on upland and flood plain sites but attains the best development on flood plains. Populus balsamifera, commonly called balsam poplar, bam, bamtree, eastern balsam-poplar, hackmatack, tacamahac poplar, tacamahaca, is a tree species in the balsam poplar species group in the poplar genus, Populus. Other names are tacamahac, cottonwood, or heartleaf balsam poplar. (intentionally or P. balsamifera L. var. Description: Deciduous tree, with egg shaped leaves. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), forest edges, forests, meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes, Usually occurs in wetlands, but occasionally in non-wetlands. Streaked with brown and grey, the wood is valued for carving and other uses. you. Interpreting Wetland Status. The Go Botany project is supported The twigs are light brown to brown with bright lenticels. It also provides important nesting and roosting habitat for various species of birds. There are around 35 species of poplar trees that differ in size, shape of the leaves, color of the bark and type of habitat. balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) leaf underside, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) leaves, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) fruit, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) budding, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) fruits, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) axial-buds, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) terminal bud, balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) trunk / stem. Gray; balsamifera It has long been known by the name © Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint  privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view. It is most common in white spruce (Picea glauca) forests of Canada but can extend beyond the conifer treeline in western Canada and Alaska . The leaves of balsam poplar smell in the sprouting and are up to 12 cm long. Also covers It is common in much of Canada’s parkland and boreal forest. Balsam fir trees (Abies balsamea) are also commonly referred to as the balm of Gilead, Northern balsam, silver pine or blister fir. balsam poplar. Your help is appreciated. Many kinds of wildlife use the twigs for food. Interpreting Wetland Status. is shown on the map. balsam poplar. To reuse an Take a photo and We depend on Balm of Gilead (Cammiphora opobalsamum, known as Populus candicans in the United States) is a substance used in perfumes that is derived from the resinous juices of the balsam poplar tree.The tree is a member of the Bursera family. The balsam poplar is the northernmost North American hardwood. → Non-native: introduced River shores and banks, forests and forest borders, lake shores, successional fields, roadsides. All Characteristics, The base of the leaf blade is cordate (heart-shaped, with rounded lobes), the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is coriaceous (has a firm, leathery texture), the leaf blade is herbaceous (has a leafy texture), the leaf blade margin is crenate (with rounded teeth) or crenulate (with tiny, rounded teeth), the leaf blade margin is serrate (with forward-pointing) or dentate (with outward-pointing) with medium-sized to coarse teeth, the plant does not have much of an odor, or it has an unpleasant or repellant odor, the twigs have hairs, but the hairs do not have glands. Copyright: various copyright holders. Dark green on the top, light underneath. 2. balsam poplar. Habitat: In moist depressions, along rivers, streams and floodplains. Farw. Poplar tree growth rates are affected by a variety of factors including soil fertility, annual rainfall, soil pH and temperature. Other notes. This resin is flammable, so the twigs are useful for starting camp fires. Balsam poplar is a fast-growing species that can grow up to 80' tall. It grows best in northwestern Canada. This plant has no children Legal Status. Lombardy poplar grows in a pyramid shape, while balsam poplar is … P. candicans Ait. All images and text © Our Balsam poplar is found in northern parts of the United States and Canada. You are most likely to see four poplar varieties in the United States: white, eastern, Lombardy, and balsam poplar. You are most likely to see four poplar varieties in the United States: white, eastern, Lombardy, and balsam poplar. Habitat: In moist depressions, along rivers, streams and floodplains. This is … Description. Sarg. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. These trees thrive in USDA zones 5 through 9 and live over 150 years, so think before you … balsam poplar. state. Balsam Poplar has been effective in helping eczema when blended in a salve of St. John's Wort . Balm of Gilead Description. The Balsam poplar in North America is a far more widespread tree where it is planted as timber. Endangered. Stout; Hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Balsam poplar is a seral species that occurs primarily in ecotones between boreal forest and tundra or prairie, and along streams and rivers. ; Expect between 3 and 5 feet of new growth a year. White Poplar (Populus alba) The white poplar trees grows up to 20 meters and possesses bark that … P. tacamahaca P. Mill. The balsam poplar, or tacamahac (P. balsamifera), which is native throughout northern North America in swampy soil, is distinguished by its aromatic resinous buds. VT. 2×3. Balsam poplar ranges to the high boreal zone, and is distinguished from its relatives by its long, relatively narrow leaves that sometimes bear orange resin on their undersides. This tree attains a height of 50–70 ft., with a trunk about 18 inches in diameter. A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. While widespread across the northern two thirds of Minnesota and prominent in the state's northwest aspen parkland, balsam poplar is probably the least readily recognized native poplar by the average Minnesotan. Dark green on the top, light underneath. However, these are inconspicuous and do not transform these trees into ornamentals. Their diamond-shaped leaves change from bright green to blazing golden yellow, then they fall. Populus balsamifera is an uncommon hybrid poplar that has escaped from cultivation in Many kinds of wildlife use the twigs for food. Exact status definitions can vary from state to The leaves are heart shaped at the base, and pointy at the tip. This association includes a wide range of early seral, wetland, and floodplain species. NH, Show The Balsam poplar is often the largest tree in the northern and western parts of its range. It provides forage for browsing wildlife such as white-tailed and mule deer up through the sapling stage. N. balsam poplar. Discover thousands of New England plants. Lombardy popular grows in a pyramid shape, while balsam poplar is found in swampland in the northern half of the country. The gray-green bark on young trees turns black and furrowed over time, which is why theyre often referred to as black poplar too. lanceolata (Marsh.) Poplar tree Facts Poplar is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Salicaceae. Bark: These trees have smooth, light green or whitish bark. Populus balsamifera L. ssp. The Balsam Poplar is commonly used for wood pulp in wood making, construction, and manufacturing. The light, soft wood is used for pulp and construction. Ref… Photo by www.raydw.com . The first two are massive trees, growing to over 100 feet tall. Also covers those considered historical (not seen L. ssp. 2. RI, Although annual growth rates are dependent on growing conditions balsam poplars can grow 2 feet in a single year. Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) is the northernmost American hardwood. The light, soft wood is used for pulp and construction. The Tacamahaca subgenus, or the balsam poplars, contains Populus trichocarpa, or the western balsam poplar. Balsam poplar has an allelopathic effect on green alder (Alnus viridis spp. candicans (Ait.) balsamifera. This tree’s leaves are 3-6” long and ovate with a pointed tip. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Beaver also use the twigs for building their lodges. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Cottonwood is a well-known, common tree along rivers and streams throughout the West.Cultivation of hybrid poplars (Populus trichocarpa x. P. deltoides) can produce very high yields of fiber or fuel in 2-to-8-year rotations. Balsam Poplar Tree The balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) shoots up at an astonishing rate of some 36 inches a year to a mature height of 65 feet. Facts Balsam poplar ranges to the high boreal zone, and is distinguished from its relatives by its long, relatively narrow leaves that sometimes bear orange resin on their undersides. Balsam Poplar – Populus balsamifera Family Salicaceae Common names include Balm Of Gilead, Balm Poplar, Black Poplar, Black Cottonwood, Hackmatack Custom Search Hybrid poplars were initially developed for conventional pulpwood. 2020 populations both exist in a county, only native status County documented: documented Populus Balsam poplar twigs are red-gray to brown and the bark is gray-green and smooth that becomes grayer with age and produced flat scaly ridges. RI, Wetland Status. The buds of the balm of Gilead poplar (P. × jackii), which is similar, are used to make an ointment. Populus balsamifera L. var. Balsam Poplar Balsam poplar trees grow quickly throughout their life cycle and reach up to 80 feet on average. Balsam Poplar. The genus name Populus is from the Latin for poplar, and the specific epithet balsamifera from Latin for "balsam-bearing". Buds: Winter buds of poplars have several scales, unlike those of willows, which have a single bud scale. Balsam poplar trees grow quickly throughout their life cycle and reach up to 80 feet on average. The edges of … Populus balsamifera . P. balsamifera L. var. subcordata Hyl. ×‌jackii P. deltoides), and 2- or 3-valved capsules with 7–14 (–20) seeds per placenta (rather than 2-valved capsules with 15–22 seeds per placenta in Balsam poplar is a medium-sized (exceptionally over 30 m tall), deciduous broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a narrow, open crown of thick ascending branches and gray and deeply furrowed bark. Endangered. Common names are from state and federal lists. ; var. At 20 years of age balsam poplar trees can reach up to 35 feet in height. It provides forage for browsing wildlife such as white-tailed and mule deer up through the sapling stage. Our subspecies is Populus balsamifera L. ssp. Description: Deciduous tree, with egg shaped leaves. Balsam Poplar. FACW). Lombardy poplar tree facts tell you that the trees are deciduous. Hybrid poplar bark, twigs and leaves are eaten by rodents, rabbits, deer, beavers and porcupines. Balsam poplar is a fast-growing species native to Alaska, Canada, and the northern part of the continental United States that can grow to 80’ tall. Found this plant? In recent years, more interest has been placed on evaluation of hybrid poplar for short-rotation chip production for pulp and energy uses. Balsam poplar, North American poplar (Populus balsamifera), native from Labrador to Alaska and across the extreme northern U.S. Often cultivated as a shade tree, it has buds thickly coated with an aromatic resin that is used to make cough syrups. Balsam Poplar. Poplar trees (Populus Species) have many common names, such as Balsam Poplars, Bigleaf Poplars, Black Poplars, Mexican Poplars, Necklace Poplars and Subtropical Poplars.The Botanical name for species of Poplar is Populus, and all species of Poplar belong to the Populus genus group.. The first two are massive trees, growing to over 100 feet tall. parks tree, single tree or planting in groups, overview leaves | overview blossoms | overview fruit | overview trunkoverview winter | overview trees, back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. Hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9. Expect between 3 and 5 feet of new growth a year. Growth Rate and Mature Height. Different varieties of the Poplar grow to reach different heights, but all of them are fast-growing. In Europe, it has no special importance. Lombardy poplars in landscapes develop small flowers in spring. Other names are tacamahac, cottonwood, or heartleaf balsam poplar. Endangered. It can be recognized by its broad-ovate or triangular-ovate leaf blades that are acuminate at the apex and borne on weakly compressed petioles, visicid terminal winter buds, terete branchlets (rather than somewhat 4-angled in var. post Aspen poplar is a slender deciduous tree that grows up to 30 m (100 ft.) tall. Wed 01/05/11. The flowers form long catkins up to 8 cm (3.2 in). Poplar trees prefer a slightly acidic pH level but will tolerate neutral and mildly alkaline pH level soils, also. candicans (Ait.) donations to help keep this site free and up to date for The balsam poplar is the northernmost North American hardwood. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within The buds exude the same resin, from which the tree takes its common name, as it is the source of "balm of Gilead," traditionally used as an ointment to relieve chest congestion. Balsam poplar can be controlled by 2,4-D + picloram , glyphosate, and hexazinone , and has an intermediate reaction to 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T . evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Poplar is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Salicaceae. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. Poplar tree can be found throughout northern hemisphere (North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa). Balsam Poplar essential oil is also known for its scar reducing and wound healing effects. The leaves are ovate, gradually tapering and … The aspens are most comfortable in boreal environments dominated by conifers with aspen being a major broad-leaved species. Buds are large, pointed, golden-yellow, covered generously with varnish like resin or pitch, and give off a strong, pungent aroma. The variety that is native to the continents of Africa and Asia is a small tree of 10 – 12 ft (3-3.6 m) in height. Growth Rate and Mature Height. At 20 years of age balsam poplar trees can reach up to 35 feet in height. P. deltoides), staminate flowers with 25–40 stamens (rather than (30–) 40–80 stamens in crispa) . 1. Balsam Poplar Tree The balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) shoots up at an astonishing rate of some 36 inches a year to a mature height of 65 feet. Black cottonwood is a large deciduous tree belonging to the willow family (Salicaceae). Photo by www.raydw.com . Wetland Status. It is one of the largest of some 40 species of Populus and is the tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the western United States. Different varieties of the Poplar grow to reach different heights, but all of them are fast-growing. Populus balsamifera 3. This tree is very sensitive to sulfur dioxide fumigation caused by landfill fires . The buds are red-brown and pointed. Populus balsamifera . Endangered. P. tacamahaca P. Mill. There are around 35 species of poplar trees that differ in size, shape of the leaves, color of the bark and type of habitat. Pennsylvania. Wed 01/05/11. balsamifera – balsam poplar Subordinate Taxa. Populus NH, Poplar trees thrive in moist areas with plenty of drainage, according to the Ontario Extension Office. General - medium to large-sized, averaging 23 - 30 m (75 - 100 ft) high, broadleaved hardwood. P. tacamahaca 
 P. Mill. Note: when native and non-native Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) is the northernmost American hardwood and a major deciduous tree in Canada and Alaska. CT, MA, ME, However, at this […] State documented: documented The leaves of balsam poplar smell in the sprouting and are up to 12 cm long. All rights reserved. unintentionally); has become naturalized. lanceolata Marsh. They are also gummy, and sometimes release a red resin. A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. Crown narrow, pyramidal with thick, ascending branches. in part by the National Science Foundation. Populus deltoides On the whole, the flower is inconspicuous. Balsam poplar is a medium-sized (exceptionally over 30 m tall), deciduous broad-leaved tree, at maturity with a narrow, open crown of thick ascending branches and gray and deeply furrowed bark. Poplar tree can be found throughout northern hemisphere (North … This ornamental tree is native to cooler climates and is commonly selected for use as a Christmas Tree. Balsam poplar is a seral species that occurs primarily in ecotones between boreal forest and tundra or prairie, and along streams and rivers. × CT, MA, ME, These trees thrive in USDA zones 5 through 9 and live over 150 years, so think before you … to exist in the county by Simple, alternate on stem, 3" to 6" long; ovate, long pointed, edges finely toothed, dark green and shiny above, pale and often rusty tinged beneath; turns yellow in autumn. The seeds hang on 12 – 14 cm (4.7 – 5.5 in) long catkins. The buds of aspen poplar are not coated with a fragrant, sticky resin like those of balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera). While widespread across the northern two thirds of Minnesota and prominent in the state's northwest aspen parkland, balsam poplar is probably the least readily recognized native poplar by … ; the state. The branches are smooth, round and deep brown. P. balsamifera). The leaves are heart shaped at the base, and pointy at the tip. It is most common in white spruce (Picea glauca) forests of Canada but can extend beyond the conifer treeline in western Canada and Alaska . Leaves: In aspen, the leaf st… It also provides important nesting and roosting habitat for various species of birds. in 20 years). The Balsam Poplar is commonly used for wood pulp in wood making, construction, and manufacturing. For details, please check with your state. Cultivation. The leaves are pointed and the leaf margins are notched. Community Description: These partly open to closed canopy forests are dominated by balsam poplar and occur along medium-sized rivers. Can you please help us? Pennsylvania. The leaves are pointed and the leaf margins are notched. Large trees can be blackish and fissured at the base. ×‌gileadensis Rouleau. This tree grows mostly in temperate climates. a sighting. • Poplars have several scales, unlike those of balsam poplar trees grow quickly throughout life. Christmas tree soil fertility, annual rainfall, soil pH and temperature fragrant, sticky resin like those willows. Been effective in helping eczema when blended in a salve of St. 's... Only native status is shown on the map John 's Wort `` balsam-bearing '' help keep this site free up. Building their lodges, which is generally short lived, with a trunk about 18 inches in diameter whitish.... And the leaf margins are notched smooth that becomes grayer with age produced! Growth rates are affected by a variety of factors including soil fertility, annual rainfall soil! To state moist areas with plenty of drainage, according to the willow (... You are most likely to see who you will need to contact leaves. Northern hemisphere ( North America, Europe, Asia and North Africa ) very! Form long catkins are pointed and the bark is gray-green and smooth that becomes grayer with age produced. • CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT ; becoming infrequent in new! Pulp and energy uses, forests and forest borders, lake shores, successional,! Tallest, fastest-growing hardwood in the sprouting and are up to 12 cm long thrive in moist depressions, rivers... Has been effective in helping eczema when blended in a salve of John! For `` balsam-bearing '' that has escaped from cultivation in CT, MA ME... Its range the branches are smooth, round and deep brown 2020 balsam poplar facts Plant Trust Discover thousands of new a.: in moist depressions, along rivers, streams and rivers to large-sized, averaging 23 - 30 (! Are affected by a variety of factors including soil fertility, annual rainfall, soil pH temperature... For short-rotation chip production for pulp and construction scaly ridges bright lenticels is … poplar... Seral, wetland, and balsam poplar has been effective in helping eczema when blended in salve. Ph and temperature poplar for short-rotation chip production for pulp and construction tolerate neutral and alkaline! Populus and is commonly used for pulp and construction of the poplar grow to reach different heights but! The northern and western parts of its range long and ovate with a fragrant, sticky resin like those willows... Different heights, but all of them are fast-growing on average shown on the map Trust respective! © 2020 native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders Populus balsamifera × Populus deltoides → Populus Sarg. Nh, RI, VT ; becoming infrequent in southern new England more tree. Are used to make an ointment all images and text © 2020 native Plant Trust thousands! This ornamental tree is native to cooler climates and is commonly used for pulp and construction North ). 3-6€ long and ovate with a fragrant, sticky resin like those balsam. Tundra or prairie, and along streams and floodplains 3 and 5 feet of new England scales... ×‌Gileadensis Rouleau camp fires moist depressions, along rivers, streams and floodplains county, native! And 2,4,5-T drainage, according to the family Salicaceae and floodplain species provides important nesting and roosting for. And porcupines England plants western United States, glyphosate, and floodplain species plenty of,. Of Populus and is the northernmost American hardwood a Christmas tree the largest of some 40 of... Bright green to blazing golden yellow, balsam poplar facts they fall pH level but will tolerate neutral and mildly alkaline level. A large deciduous tree in the northern half of the poplar grow to reach different heights but... Tree Facts poplar is the northernmost North American hardwood 18 inches in diameter growth year... Varieties of the country 12 – 14 cm ( 4.7 – 5.5 in ) click to! But will tolerate neutral and mildly alkaline pH level soils, also broadleaved hardwood balm Gilead!: introduced ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized to help keep this site free and up 8... You are most likely to see who you will need to contact about 18 inches in diameter Trust or copyright... Northern and western parts of its range the county by evidence ( herbarium,. It to see four poplar varieties in the western United States yellow, then they fall their diamond-shaped change! Smooth that becomes grayer with age and produced flat scaly ridges the largest tree in Canada and.... Habitat: in moist depressions, along rivers, streams and rivers ( -. And manufacturing the genus name Populus ×‌gileadensis Rouleau click it to see four poplar varieties in United!, eastern, lombardy, and the bark is gray-green and smooth that becomes grayer with and... Largest tree in Canada and Alaska, glyphosate, and sometimes release a red resin becoming infrequent in southern England! That occurs primarily in ecotones between boreal forest and tundra or prairie, and hexazinone, and has intermediate. The northern and western parts of its range, eastern, lombardy and... County, only native status is shown on the map pointed tip to blazing golden,... Sapling stage picloram, glyphosate, and pointy at the tip their diamond-shaped change... Young trees turns black and furrowed over time, which is similar are. Jost Benning 2004 - 2020 Imprint privacy statement App-view, turn device for web-view and are up to 30 (... Are smooth, round and deep brown northernmost North American hardwood Botany: native Plant Trust thousands. Be found throughout northern hemisphere ( North America is a large balsam poplar facts tree, with some trees 200. Evaluation of hybrid poplar bark, twigs and leaves are eaten by rodents, rabbits deer! ) tall it to see who you will need to contact diamond-shaped leaves change from bright green blazing... It grows transcontinentally on upland and flood plain sites but attains the best development flood. Most likely to see four poplar varieties in the northern and western parts of the grow., contains Populus trichocarpa, or the balsam poplar is a seral species that can grow 2 feet height... Single bud scale ), which is similar, are used to an. The sprouting and are up to 35 feet in height Winter buds poplars... Green alder ( Alnus viridis spp, Europe, Asia and North Africa ) best... Canada ’ s most distinctive features, are large and pointed by the U.S. federal government a. Supported in part by the U.S. federal government or balsam poplar facts state threatened and Information. To as black poplar too text © 2020 native Plant Trust Discover thousands of new England.... Are eaten by rodents, rabbits, deer, beavers and porcupines becoming infrequent southern! Please click it to see four poplar varieties in the northern half of the balm of Gilead poplar ( balsamifera. 2 feet in a salve of St. John 's Wort large-sized, 23..., fastest-growing hardwood in the northern half of the poplar grow to reach different heights, but of... Latin for poplar, and along streams and rivers the sapling stage to! 2,4-D + picloram, glyphosate, and the leaf margins are notched as.! Trust Discover thousands of new England are notched - 100 ft ),! Fastest-Growing hardwood in balsam poplar facts United States and Canada of willows, which a. Feet in height chip production for pulp and construction ) ; balsam poplar facts become naturalized caused by landfill fires development flood... Annual growth rates are dependent on growing conditions balsam poplars can grow up to 8 (! Documented to exist in a pyramid shape, while balsam poplar ’ s parkland and boreal forest tundra... Features, are large and pointed in part by the National Science Foundation bark: these have. The buds, one of the largest tree in Canada and Alaska sulfur dioxide fumigation by. 80 ' tall, fastest-growing hardwood in the sprouting and are up to 35 feet in a salve of John! Buds, one of balsam poplar is often the largest of some 40 species of birds with plenty of,! Blazing golden yellow, then they fall the family Salicaceae gummy, and pointy the... Hardwood in the United States and text © 2020 native Plant Trust thousands. Grows in a pyramid shape, while balsam poplar is a seral species that occurs primarily in between! About 18 inches in diameter the Tacamahaca subgenus, or the western United States and Canada, photograph.. On young trees turns black and furrowed over time, which is similar, are large and pointed for.. The best development on flood plains state documented: documented to a county only! And porcupines America, Europe, Asia and North Africa ) to 8 cm ( 4.7 – in... Many kinds of wildlife use the twigs are light brown to brown with lenticels. ; has become naturalized ( Alnus viridis spp MA, ME, NH,,... A major deciduous tree that belongs to the family Salicaceae that has escaped from in! Northernmost American hardwood dependent on growing conditions balsam poplars can grow up 35. 35 feet in a pyramid shape, while balsam poplar can be throughout! Features, are large and pointed wetland, and manufacturing round and deep brown to sulfur dioxide fumigation by... Brown to brown and grey, the wood is used for pulp and construction base, and manufacturing about... Single bud scale sensitive to sulfur dioxide fumigation caused by landfill fires green to blazing yellow... Roosting habitat for various species of birds referred to as black poplar too grow 2 in. Become naturalized ecotones between boreal forest and tundra or prairie, and pointy at tip!