Calculate the percentage of nitrogen and oxygen in ammonium nitrate. Intended Use of the Product Uses of the substance/mixture: Fertilizer Uses advised against: Consumer use 1.3. If the relative molecular mass of ammonium nitrate is 80, calculate the percentage of nitrogen and oxygen in ammonium nitrate. The use of ammonium nitrate in explosives had been patented by others…, …example of the latter is ammonium nitrate, in which the cation is NH. Omissions? Ammonium nitrate was the first solid nitrogen (N) fertilizer produced on a large scale, but its popularity has declined in recent years. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. CAN is preferred for use on acid soils, as it acidifies soil less than many common nitrogen fertilizers. There are specific fertilizers for grass in lawns and these can do wonders for the entire lawn. This results in increased amunts of fertilizer needed to feed plants. It contains both ammonium and nitrate resulting in reduced volatilization risk as compared to urea, and the nitrate provides a directly available N source. [Relative molecular mass of ammonium nitrate is 80, H = 1, N= 14, 0= 16], sheets for the percentage of nitrogen present) do not normally present an explosion hazard and therefore, to identify the precautions required, ammonium nitrate based fertilisers can be divided into two groups: Fertilisers that contain more than 28% nitrogen. Ammonium nitrate and urea are such nitrogen containing solids. Nitrogen, as nitrate or ammonium, is highly soluble and moves rapidly in runoff and in soil solutions. Ammonium nitrate [with more than 0.2 percent combustible substances, including any organic substance calculated as carbon, to the exclusion of any other added substance] 6484-52-2: ACG: 5000 pounds: explosive: ACG: 400 pounds: EXP/IEDP: Ammonium nitrate, solid [nitrogen concentration of 23% nitrogen or greater] 6484-52-2: 33.00 % How to Sprout Sweet Potatoes for Slips Green Shoots for Planting. What mass... Common Core Math - Number & Quantity: High School Standards, Common Core Math - Algebra: High School Standards, Common Core Math - Statistics & Probability: High School Standards, High School Precalculus: Homework Help Resource, McDougal Littell Geometry: Online Textbook Help, Prentice Hall Geometry: Online Textbook Help, NY Regents Exam - Integrated Algebra: Help and Review, NY Regents Exam - Integrated Algebra: Tutoring Solution, Holt McDougal Algebra 2: Online Textbook Help, Prentice Hall Algebra 2: Online Textbook Help, McDougal Littell Pre-Algebra: Online Textbook Help, Biological and Biomedical For every 1 Nitrogen atom there are 4 additional atoms of hydrogen to make up the ammonium ion (since ammonium is NH4). {/eq}. Calculate the percentage by mass of nitrogen in ammonium nitrate, {eq}NH_4NO_3 Most of these are straight ammonium nitrate types, although they include a It is usually the most expensive of the commonly used nitrogen sources. Convert grams Ammonium Nitrate to moles or moles Ammonium Nitrate to grams. It’s been a common N source because it contains both nitrate and ammonium, and it has a relatively high nutrient content. However, the cost of nitrogen per lb for urea ($0.67) is actually less than the cost of nitrogen per lb for ammonium nitrate ($0.79).This is because urea has more nitrogen than ammonium nitrate relative to the overall mass. Ways we lose nitrogen Ammonium nitrate, (NH4NO3), a salt of ammonia and nitric acid, used widely in fertilizers and explosives. Anhydrous Ammonia the most prevalent and lowest cost form of nitrogen, is 82% nitrogen. Both of these products contain nothing but nitrogen, but the nitrogen is at different percentages. Production. These sugars have to be delivered from their production site in the leaves, down to the roots. Ammonium nitrate also is employed to modify the detonation rate of other explosives, such as nitroglycerin in the so-called ammonia dynamites, or as an oxidizing agent in the ammonals, which are mixtures of ammonium nitrate and powdered aluminum. This value is fixed for an element in a chemical compound. Updates? Nitrogen supplied from urea-based fertilizer (urea or urea-ammonium nitrate solution [UAN]) can be lost as ammonia gas to the atmosphere under certain conditions. Molecular weight calculation: 14.0067 + 1.00794*4 + 14.0067 + 15.9994*3 ›› Percent composition by element The mass of a nitrogen atom is about 14 and hydrogen is 1, so for every 14 g of nitrogen there would also be 4 g of hydrogen in the ammonium ion, so for every 14 g of N, there would be 18 g of ammonium. Ammonium Nitrate vs Urea: Results. In this example, ammonium nitrate costs less at $550 per ton than urea at $630 per ton. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. It is a white crystalline solid consisting of ions of ammonium and nitrate. [Relative molecular mass of ammonium nitrate is 80, H = 1, N = 14, O = 16] asked Feb 7, 2019 in Chemistry by Amoli ( 50.1k points) Ammonium nitrate (34-0-0), in comparison, at $525 per ton ÷ 680 pounds actual nitrogen per ton costs 77 cents per pound actual nitrogen. On the other hand Nitrate is transported up to the leaves, where it is reduced to Ammonium and the… Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It contains 34 pounds of N per 100 pounds of fertilizer material (34 percent nitrogen). Ammonium nitrate a common fertilizer was used by terrorists in the trgic explosion in oklahoma city in 1995.how many litres of gas at 307oc and 1.00atm are formed by the explosive decomposition of 15kg of ammonium nitrate to nitrogen, oxygen and water Services, Using Percentages in Chemical Weight Problems, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Urea Ammonium Nitrate Solution - 28%, 30%, 32% N (UAN) CAS No: 15978-77-5 REACH No. The commercial grade contains about 33.5 percent nitrogen, all of which is in forms utilizable by plants; it is the most common nitrogenous component of artificial fertilizers. Create your account. Liquid urea-ammonium nitrate (UAN) fertilizer is relatively simple to produce. bonsai fertilizer Fertilizer Manufacturer Manufacturers include Bio Nutrient Solutions Pty Ltd CV. Calculate the percentage of nitrogen and oxygen in ammonium nitrate. It is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer. Ammonium nitrate fertilizer contains a very high percentage of nitrogen and has a rating of 34-0-0, indicating that if a fertilizer contains only ammonium nitrate, it will consist of 34% nitrogen. Nitrogen is commercially recovered from the air as ammonia, which is produced by combining nitrogen in the atmosphere with hydrogen from natural gas. As an example, urea at $625 per ton ÷ 920 pounds actual nitrogen per ton costs 68 cents per pound actual nitrogen. Corrections? The atomic mass of nitrogen is 14.007 amu. asked Feb 28, … At room temperature and standard pressure ammonium nitrate exist as an odorless, white crystalline solid. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Urea contains 920 actual pounds of nitrogen per ton, and ammonium nitrate contains 680 actual pounds of nitrogen by ton (2,000 x 46% = 920 and 2,000 x 34% = 680). Ocean water contains 3.0 % NaCl by mass. Nitrogen dioxide NO 2 +4 Nitric acid HNO 3 +5 Nitrate ion NO 3-+5 Nitrogen is of concern to agriculture both as an essential plant nutrient for building proteins and amino acids and as a potential water pollutant. Molar mass (NH4)2SO4 = 132.14 g/mol 1mol (NH4)2SO4 contains 2 mol N Molar mass N = 14g/mol , Mass of 2 mol N = 28g %N in (NH4)2SO4 = 28g/ 132g * 100 = 21.2% Ammonium nitrate: Dry granular with 33 to 34 percent nitrogen. For example, in our on campus treatment plant effluent, on a molar N basis DON was about 15-20% of the nitrogen, ammonium was less than 1%, and nitrate made up the rest of the nitrogen. Ammonium Nitrate Ammonium nitrate is the primary non-urea source used in hay and pasture systems. Nitrification is the conversion of ammonium to nitrate by soil bacteria; this occurs within days, and the majority of it happens within a week. Ammonium nitrate. The atomic mass of nitrogen is 14.007 amu. The molecular mass of ammonium nitrate is 80.043 amu. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Urea has the highest nitrogen content of all solid fertilizers at 46% N. UAN solutions, such as 28% and 32% liquid nitrogen, are made up of different forms of nitrogen. …acid treated with ammonia gives ammonium nitrate, a most important fertilizer. The greatest risk is from fertilizer broadcast to warm, moist soils with heavy residue. ›› Ammonium Nitrate molecular weight. answer! Percentage nitrogen by mass=(Molar mass of nitrogen)/(Molar mass of ammonium sulfate)*100 In ammonium sulfate there are 2 Nitrogens, 8 Hydrogens, 4 Oxygens and 1 … Since it contains ammonium, this fertilizer also lowers the pH of the soil. Tomatoes formed early and still have not What Is The Percent Of Nitrogen In The Fertilizer Ammonium Nitrate ripened. Become a Study.com member to unlock this Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NH4NO3. It is highly soluble in water and hygroscopic as a solid, although it does not form hydrates. Ammonium nitrate (NH 4 NO 3) is commonly used as a fertiliser. First we need to understand the different ways these two nutrient forms are metabolized: Ammonium metabolism consumes much more oxygen than metabolism of Nitrate. It is also used in place of ammonium nitrate where ammonium nitrate … Ammonium nitrate has the chemical formula of NH 4 NO 3. The number of nitrogen atom present in ammonium... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. It is highly soluble in water; heating of the water solution decomposes the salt to nitrous oxide (laughing gas). Popular for pasture and top-dress application since very little nitrogen loss through ammonia volatilization occurs. # of AtomsAt Wt.Total Wt.Nitrogen214.006728.0134Hydrogen41.007944.03176Oxygen315.999447.9982Total Molecular … Ammonium nitrate is an odorless salt with 33 to 34% N. It can be surface-applied or incorporated into the soil. All rights reserved. Global production was estimated at 21.6 million tonnes in 2017. : N/A - mixture Synonyms: UAN (28, 30, and 32% N), Liquid nitrogen fertilizer STCC: 2871313 1.2. Ammonium nitrate provides much needed nitrogen to lawn grasses and garden plants in an easily accessible form that doesn't leach out of the soil. Fertilizer grade CAN contains roughly 8% calcium and 21-27% nitrogen. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Premium canned dog food. In the process it will decimate a tomato plant or three or What Is The Percent Of Nitrogen In The Fertilizer Ammonium Nitrate four. Use. Ammonium is metabolized in the roots, where it reacts with sugars. After the straight dynamites and gelatins, the next important advance in dynamite was the substitution of ammonium nitrate for part of the... After the straight dynamites and gelatins, the next important advance in dynamite was the substitution of ammonium nitrate for part of the nitroglycerin to give a safer and less expensive product. This is the nitrate of ammonia, and it has the following structure. 28% liquid nitrogen is 50% Urea, 25% Ammonium and 25% Nitrate. Fifty percent in ammonium form, 50 percent in nitrate form, so nitrate is immediately available to plants and ammonium provides delayed nitrogen supply. Because solid ammonium nitrate can undergo explosive decomposition when heated in a confined space, government regulations have been imposed on its shipment and storage. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/ammonium-nitrate, National Center for Biotechnology Information - PubChem Compound - Ammonium Nitrate. Most calcium ammonium nitrate is used as a fertilizer. The commercial grade contains about 33.5 percent nitrogen, all of which is in forms utilizable by plants; it is the most common nitrogenous component of artificial fertilizers. Urea is 46-0-0, and ammonium nitrate is 34-0-0. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Structure of the chemical compound ammonium nitrate, from which fertilizer is produced. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal The molecular mass of ammonium nitrate is 80.043 amu. Molar mass of NH4NO3 = 80.04336 g/mol. Ammonia is converted to other nitrogen compounds, the most important of which are urea (NH 2 CONH 2), nitric acid (HNO 3), ammonium nitrate (NH 4 NO 3), and ammonium sulfate [(NH 4) 2 SO 4]. The ratio of the mass of a component in a material by the total mass of the material multiplied by 100 is mathematically named as a percentage by mass. Ammonium nitrate is a colourless crystalline substance (melting point 169.6 °C [337.3 °F]). A solution of urea [CO(NH₂)₂] and ammonium nitrate [NH₄NO₃] containing between 28 and 32 percent nitrogen (N) is the most popular fluid N fertilizer. The production of ammonium nitrate fertilizer is a complicated process. 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