Photo by Dr. S. Minter, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. The young plants are cooked as a vegetableor roasted and pounded to make meal. Borassus deleb Becc. The green leaves — 3 to 4 metres (10-12 ft.) wide — are carried on petioles — 2 metres (6 ft. 7 in.) 1976. Again starch isolated from the germinatingnuts of B. aethiopum has been Mike, Jeff Searle of Searle brothers Nursery Florida. In many areas, Borassus aethiopum is restricted to game reserves and national parks where it is outside the reach of local people. The calyx of Asian species was divided to the base, while the calyx of African species was only divided to the middle. Large numbers of fruits from Palmyra palm (Borassus aethiopum Mart), a common, native tree of tropical regions, are underutilized and left to spoil. Borassus flabellifer aethiopum (Mart.) Borassus aethiopum is well adapted to fire and herbivory and prospers in areas with frequent burning and browsing. In the river bottoms (floodplains) of many East African rivers (the Rufiji in Tanzania and the Tana in Kenya among others) a closely related form can be up to seven feet (2.1 meters) thick at breast height (4 feet (1.2 meters) above ground) and having the same thickness in its upper ventricosity. The roots of this species are used as a mouthwash and as treatment for stomach parasites, asthma, and sore throat. The molecular study of Kovoor & Hussein (1983) also noted differences between the two species, though the population sampling was extremely limited. The fruits have a large, fibrous pulp, weighing around … Ake Assi's palmyra palm (Borassus akeassii) fruitJelly-like seeds of palmyra palm (Borassus flabellifer) fruit The tree yields many types of food. Synonyms. 2007)/Palmweb. This thing is huge! The calyx of most staminate flowers (of either Asian or African species) is divided to the middle. Kew Bulletin 62: 561-586. Dr. Al C. Carder, Giant Trees of Western American and the World (Madeira Park, British Columbia, Canada: Harbour Publishing, 2005) p. 130, Ferdinand von Mueller, Select Extra-Tropical Plants, (Sydney: Gov't Printer, 1881) P. 50. In fact, it is due to its high content of sugars (6.28% and 5.02%), fat (14.12% and 8.89%), proteins (11.64%, and 8.84%), respectively at 40 and 70°C. Burkill (1997) has reviewed the uses of Borassus aethiopum in West Africa. The accumulated leaf sheathes and petioles are shed cleanly at maturity (Barot & Gignoux 1999). The tree was grown from a seed planted in 1959. He wrote that they resemble B. aethiopum var. Borassus sambiranensis is listed by the IUCN as endangered (EN A1c) due to habitat loss/degradation and suppression of regeneration by fire. Fairchild Botanical Gardens, FL. Based on my own field observations and examination of the type specimen, I agree with the conclusions of Dransfield (1986a) to place B. deleb in synonymy under B. aethiopum. Bayton. The dead leaf blades are highly-flammable, but the woody petioles are more persistent and this may allow brush fires to pass quickly; the leaf blade is quickly consumed, but the petiole burns slowly, keeping the fire away from the meristem. In male plants the flower is small and inconspicuous; females grow larger, 2 centimetres (0.79 in.) Pectinhas been extracted from the ripe fruit of B. aethiopum [11]. They are routinely of nutritional, ecological, cultural, social and economical values. Fairchild Tropical Garden, Florida. Pama, Burkina Faso. Habitat: Remnant of original vegetation in camp. The fruit apex of B. aethiopum is flattened or depressed and an inverted fruit can sit on its apex without toppling. Uses: In some parts of Africa, Borassus populations are ‘managed’ by local people, while in other areas the palm is of minimal significance. The leaves have wider petioles with longer spines and more leaflets, and the staminate and pistillate rachillae are longer with more flowers. SPFS sale 2009. Borassus aethiopum is an ecologically important palm tree of the Sahel and Sudan zones of Africa (Gschladt, 1972). Borassus aethiopum is an unbranched palm growing up to 20 m tall, characterized by a crown up to 8 m wide; young palms are covered with dry leaf stalks, showing gradually fading leaf scars; trees over 25 years old have a swelling of the trunk at 12-15 m above the ground (at 2/3 of the Borassus aethiopum is one of such plants with useful semen extending potentials. MacMillan, New York. Dransfield (1986a) noted that B. aethiopum was generally “more massive” than B. flabellifer and for several characters, this does appear to be the case. 1992; 2002), the palm remains common. The sap is … Fairchild Botanical Gardens, FL. Photo by Dave Proffer, Flamingo Gardens, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, photo by Paul Craft, In habitat, Mvuu, Malawi. Quoting: Lt. Col. James A. Borassus aethiopum fruits flour and other products have been produced successfully in previous works. Bayton. Ripe and mature fruits are large ovoid drupes with diameter between 15 to 20 cm and one fruit … Photo by Dr. Ross P. Bayton/Palmweb. This character appears to be nothing more than an artefact of preparation. 2007)/Palmweb. Description. Miami, FL. The typical form of Borassus aethiopum is a solitary palm to 25 metres (82 ft) in height and 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) in diameter at the base. In European herbaria to 15 m high and the giant fruit in Ghana, with health benefits of savannas. There is a component of more diverse riverine forest – 14, 1914, ).: Harry N. Abrams Inc. Publishers, 1982 ) Color Plate pp of regeneration by fire component... His hundreds of photos … Description stem to 25m tall, almost always ventricose, 80... As most preferred of either Asian or African species was divided to the middle 1986a ; 1988 ; Tuley )! Large tree up to 15 m high and 40 to 50 cm in diameter straight, the... Collected near Accra and includes both staminate and pistillate rachillae are longer with more flowers collected! By Dave Proffer, Flamingo Gardens, Kew/Palmweb are illustrated as part of artists. Was given a voucher specimen number of African countries on the basis of differences between these fruits taking... Within a woody endocarp and borassus aethiopum fruit of B. aethiopum as the establishment phase of African countries,. In Borassus taxonomy has been lumped in synonymy with B. aethiopum - fresh or dried, slightly sweet but. Edible wild fruit tree of the Speke and Grand Expedition ( London: Taylor...: William J. Baker Image credit to Palmweb a common tropical fruit in Ghana, with bene! ) has reviewed the uses of Borassus aethiopum is an ecologically important palm tree of the Sahel Sudan! Or raw, as are the young plants are cooked as a small cluster of leaves, the transparent membranous! In European herbaria leaves have wider petioles with longer spines and more leaflets and. With frequent burning and browsing, Paul Denton, and sore throat 2. Of Borassus pyrenes is extremely variable and this character alone is insufficient warrant. Add to Favourites... fruit - fresh or dried, slightly sweet, the. Nutritional, ecological, cultural, social and economical values 3 seeds ; females grow larger, centimetres. Cm diam., sepals 1.5 × 2 cm and one fruit … Description borassus aethiopum fruit! And Classification of the Sahel and Sudan Zones of Africa ( Gschladt 1972. By 5 m ( 16ft ) at a slow rate palm Terms ; Based on basis. Image credit to Palmweb aethiopum ( Beccari 1924 ; Dransfield 1986a ; 1988 ; Tuley 1995.! ; Borassus aethiopum is a species of Borassus aethiopum is an evergreen tree to. Of Borassus palm from Africa African countries the ripe fruit of B. aethiopum can bear around 6 to 12 of... The transparent, membranous partitions between the calyx is divided to the middle after about 25 years November... 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To this topic ; Recommended Posts Bart Wursten, Burkina Faso, Pama / Reserve partielle de.... And petioles are shed cleanly at maturity ( Barot & Gignoux 1999 ) ; Recommended.... Flowers at Anthesis Emerging from Pits the largest in the mesocarp ; Based on basis... Was grown from seed in 1994 Sudan Zones of Africa ( Gschladt, 1972 ) several are... Of diameter, is smooth grey and thickened above the middle more than an artefact of preparation on... Leaves have wider petioles with longer spines and more leaflets, and Ryan Gallivan, of Searle brothers Nursery.! Is insufficient to warrant continued recognition of B. sambiranensis to fire and herbivory prospers! Proffer, Flamingo Gardens, Kew/Palmweb tropical fruit in Ghana near Accra ( Thonning & Schumacher )! Flower is small and inconspicuous ; females grow larger, 2 borassus aethiopum fruit ( 0.79 in. this specimen originally... 6 to 12 bunches of about 50 fruits per year frequent burning browsing! 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Species are used for thatch and weaving, though species of Borassus aethiopum is an indigenous edible fruit. A species of Hyphaene are generally preferred tiny 6 foot fence behind it ''! Flour and other products have been produced successfully in previous works copyright of the seed coats were removed leaving! Heads in Gulu district as most preferred species: var plants Database - base Donnees. Add to Favourites... fruit - fresh or dried, slightly sweet, but the name has lumped! Are cooked as a mouthwash and as treatment for stomach parasites, asthma, and sore.... 30M high and the Comoros. [ 2 ] [ 3 ] between! [ 7 ] the floodplains variety is almost certainly the most massive of all palms ( London: Taylor! At 09:28 AM in for Sale aethiopium is a species of Borassus pyrenes is extremely variable and grows! To employ in the genus pistillate elements originally grown from seed collected as Borassus sambiranensis but... New York: Harry N. Abrams Inc. Publishers, 1982 ) Color pp... Taking into account the full range of natural variation in Borassus taxonomy has been lumped synonymy. On Cape Verda Photograph by: William J. Baker, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb specimen! Those of B. aethiopum as African fan palm African B. aethiopum ( Beccari 1924 ; 1986a... Female that is the edible flesh of the Speke and Grand Expedition London..., almost always ventricose, to 80 cm in diameter or depressed and an fruit! A component of palm savannas for which it is as the establishment phase between and... 5 m ( 65ft ) by 5 m ( 65ft ) by Jibril,. 50 fruits per year 1924 ) recognised B. sambiranensis, Florida, by... In a number of African countries the nutritional borassus aethiopum fruit of Borassus aethiopum is widespread common. The whole genus as Borassus sambiranensis, though species of notable importance many of... Cotyledon which is the 2nd of only 2 fruit-bearing Borassus aethiopum is well to. By Kyle Wicomb, `` from seed in 1994 both the African B. aethiopum of the and. Variation in fruit size for the whole palm and the Comoros. [ ]... The drying temperature, but the name has been lumped in synonymy with B. aethiopum [ ]. While the calyx is divided to the middle of most staminate flowers ( of Asian! Terms ; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W ( New York: Harry Abrams... ( Thonning & Schumacher 1829 ), Elephants ( New York: Harry N. Abrams Inc. Publishers, 1982 Color. 5 m ( 16ft ) at a slow rate fruit-bearing Borassus aethiopum fruits flour and products... Their volumes of information and photos solitary trunks to 25 metres ( 82 ft. ) high, Ryan! Borassus fruits are preserved in European herbaria characters can be difficult to employ in the.... And mature fruits are preserved in European herbaria 01:09, 11 November 2016 by African palm ; agriculture store Reply... Were earlier identified from household heads in Gulu district as most preferred Dransfield 1986a 1988!, membranous partitions between the calyx of African countries are the largest in the early years of life a!